We visualized data around racial and ethnic demographics in college admissions, employment, and earnings post-Prop. 209.

Student Enrollment

From 1996 to 2006, the percentage of Latino and Asian students enrolled in the UC and CSU systems increased by 4.2% and 1.5% respectively, while enrollment of White students decreased by 5.1%. However, it should be noted that Hispanic and Asian populations in CA had an average annual growth rate of 3%, which was nearly 7 times faster than that for Whites.

At the same time, there was a 0.5% and 0.6% decrease in enrollment of Native American and Black students respectively.

Therefore, we can presume that Black and Native American students in the UC and CSU systems were disproportionately affected by Proposition 209 being taken into effect officially in 1998 for undergraduate students.

Minorities in STEM

From 1996 to 2000, the percentage of minority students enrolled in STEM disciplines increased by 4.45%.

Fast-forward to 2006 to 2010, the percentage of minority students in STEM increased by 1.93%.

The rate at which minority students enrolled in STEM disciplines notably decreased in 2006 to 2010, compared to earlier time frame 1996 to 2000.


The Asian population saw the greatest increase in both employment and earning, with the employment increase outpacing earnings increase from 1992 to 2018.

For the White population, the earnings increase was greater than the employment increase.

In 2013, there was a large increase in employment paired with a large decrease in earnings, suggesting a high number of low-paying jobs were added to the market. This appeared to most significantly impact the Black population.